HGV walk-around checks  

This week’s blog focuses on the importance of safety whilst operating an HGV and more importantly the walk-around checks you must do before entering in the vehicle.  The walk-around checks consist of a series of specific observations of a certain part of the vehicle to ensure it’s all safe and compliant.

There are 21 checks which should be completed, as listed below:  

  1. Lights and indicators 

Assess that all your lights and indicators are working correctly.

  1. Tyres and wheels 

Confirm that all nuts are sufficiently tight, the wheels and tyres are properly fastened, and the tread and pressure of the tyres are within the permitted range. 

  1. Front view 

Make sure you have a clear vision and that nothing within your cab is blocking your windscreen. 

  1. Steering 

Confirm that the steering wheel moves freely and is not jammed. 

  1. Load 

Ensure that the load is stable and well distributed, that it does not cause your vehicle to lean to one side, and that it is not too heavy to prevent your vehicle from falling toward the ground. 

  1. . Engine exhaust 

Make sure there isn’t excess smoke coming out of your exhaust. 

  1. Windscreen wipers and washers 

Make sure your wipers work correctly and that the washer fluid is filled up.

  1. Warning lamp 

Test the effectiveness of your warning lamp. 

  1. Mirrors and glass 

Make sure you can see them well, they aren’t broken or covered in stickers, and they aren’t steamy. Additionally, make sure the mirrors are pointed correctly to provide you with the best visibility. 

  1. Fuel/oil 

Make sure there are no oil or fuel leaks. 

  1. Coupling security 

Ensure that your vehicle is firmly connected to your load. 

  1. Number plate 

Ensure your number plate is visible and attached to the vehicle.

  1. Body/wings 

Ensure that nothing could fall off or come loose during transportation, including the body and wing mirrors of your vehicle. The bumper and grill are included in this. 

  1. Spray suppression 

Ensure that your spray suppression measures are attached correctly and are working. 

  1. Brakes 

Make sure that your breaks and break lines are working. 

  1. Reflectors 

Ensure that reflectors are visible and attached.

  1. Markers 

Confirm the visibility and attachment of markers. 

  1. Battery 

Assess the safety and condition of your battery. 

  1. Doors 

Confirm the security of all of your doors. 

  1. Horn 

Test the functionality of your horn. 

  1. Electrical connections 

Assess the functionality of the vehicle’s electrical components. 

What happens if a driver does not complete the following checks before entering the vehicle?  

If checks are not completed correctly by the driver before starting the vehicle, the driver could face potential penalties, and points on the driver’s license, or the lorry can be taken off the road completely.  

To see how one of our drivers performs his HGV checks on one of our lorries, visit here to watch Harvey on our YouTube channel…